Construction Material , Building Material , Civil Engineering Material

Construction Material

Must Know Building And Construction Material Basic Knowledge For Interior Design professionals

Different types of construction material is used for various civil engineering and interior design projects. Its knowledge plays a crucial role in the planning and execution of  home improvement and DIY projects, as well as in the work of interior design professionals.

Having knowledge about different construction materials, their properties, and their applications allows individuals to make informed decisions about their projects, ensuring they select the right materials for their desired outcomes.

It is important for all professionals associated with civil engineering, architecture, and interior design to have good knowledge of construction materials, their properties, and their applications. In this article, we will discuss different types of building and construction materials used for various civil engineering, interior design, and home improvement projects.

Construction Material , Building Material , Civil Engineering Material , Interior Design Materials

For interior design professionals, having in-depth knowledge of construction materials helps in creating functional, aesthetically pleasing, and safe spaces. They can guide clients on material selection, finishes, and maintenance requirements based on the project’s goals, budget, and design preferences.

For DIY enthusiasts, understanding construction materials enables them to plan and execute projects effectively, make cost-effective choices, and ensure the longevity and quality of their work.

Overall, having knowledge about construction materials empowers individuals to make informed decisions, achieve desired outcomes, and create spaces that are not only visually appealing but also structurally sound and functional.

Construction Material Basic Knowledge

Construction Material Complete Guide

Table Of Contents

This is a construction material crash course specially designed for the students of architecture, interior design, civil engineering, civil contractors and other stake holders. 


Cement is a crucial construction material that plays a fundamental role in the building industry. It is used as binding material that binds other material such as sand , aggregates and steel. It is mainly used as binding agent in cement mortar, plain concrete and reinforced cement concrete (RCC).

It is a fine powder that, when mixed with water, undergoes a chemical reaction known as hydration. This process binds the cement particles together and hardens them into a solid mass, providing strength and stability to structures.

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Construction Material – Cement


Bricks are basic building blocks extensively used to construct walls and other building structures. Bricks are one of the oldest and most fundamental construction materials used in the building industry.

Bricks are versatile construction materials that have been used for thousands of years. They continue to be a popular choice for various types of construction due to their strength, durability, aesthetic appeal, versatility, heat, and thermal insulation properties.

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Construction Material – Bricks

AAC Blocks

AAC blocks, which stand for Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) blocks are a precast building material extensively used in the construction industry. It offers excellent thermal insulation, low maintenance, noise reduction, and durability.

AAC blocks have emerged as a versatile and sustainable building material with a range of technical features and applications. Their lightweight nature, coupled with excellent thermal and sound insulation properties, makes them an attractive choice for modern construction projects.

As the construction industry continues to embrace sustainable and efficient building solutions, AAC blocks are likely to play a crucial role in shaping the buildings of the future.

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Construction Material – AAC Blocks


Aggregates are essential components of concrete and other construction materials. They are granular materials, typically made up of a combination of sand, gravel, crushed stone, and sometimes recycled materials.

Aggregates are broadly categorized into two types, which include fine and coarse aggregates. Aggregates are the core material for cement mortar, plain cement concrete, and reinforced cement concrete (RCC). The mix ratio of cement and aggregates depends upon the purpose, strength, and grade of the concrete mix or mortar.

It’s important to select the appropriate type and quality of aggregates based on the specific requirements of the project. Factors such as particle size, shape, durability, and strength characteristics of the aggregates play a crucial role in the performance of the final construction material.

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Construction Material – Types Of Aggregates

Paver Blocks

Paver blocks, also known as concrete pavers or paving stones, are a popular construction material used for outdoor flooring and landscaping applications. They are manufactured from concrete, which is mixed with aggregates, pigments, and additives, and then molded into specific shapes and sizes.

Paver blocks have a wide range of applications, including driveways, walkways, patios, pool decks, parking areas, and public spaces. They provide a durable, versatile, and aesthetically pleasing option for outdoor surfaces, allowing for creative and customized designs.

Paver blocks are relatively easy to install, making them a popular choice for DIY projects. They can be laid on a prepared base of compacted sand or gravel without the need for specialized equipment. Interlocking pavers, which fit together like puzzle pieces, provide added stability and ease of installation.

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Construction Material – Paver Blocks

Steel Reinforcement Bars

Steel reinforcement bars are extensively used in construction. It is a crucial component in modern construction, particularly in reinforced cement concrete (RCC) structures. It involves embedding steel bars or mesh within concrete to enhance its strength and durability.

This combination of materials, such as cement, aggregates, and steel bars, creates a composite material called RCC that can withstand tensile forces. Concrete can handle compressive stress, but it has poor tensile strength. Therefore, it is embedded with steel bars while casting the RCC structural members such as slabs, beams, columns, footings, retaining walls, basements, and other RCC structures.

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Construction Material – Steel Reinforcement

Wooden Boards

Different types of wooden boards are used in home improvement and interior design projects. Plywood, MDF, Particle Board, WPC board, and block board

Wooden boards are the most common and versatile building material and are extensively used for various building construction projects. The wooden boards are widely used in various home improvement, furniture, remodelling, and other interior design projects.

Some of the most commonly used types of wooden boards include plywood, particle board, medium density fiberboard (MDF) board, WPC board, laminated board, block board, oriented strand board (OSB), and medium density particle board (MDP).

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Construction Material – Wooden Boards

Floor And Wall Tiles

Different types of tiles are available for home owners. Selecting the right floor and wall tiles is crucial, as they play a significant role in enhancing the overall aesthetics and functionality of a space. There are various types of tiles available, each with its own unique technical properties, characteristics, advantages, price tag, and best applications.

The right floor and wall tiles can elevate the visual appeal and functionality of a space, while also considering factors like durability, water resistance, maintenance, and budget. This will ensure you make the best choice for your specific needs.

Types of tiles used for home interior and exterior use Natural stone tiles, ceramic tiles, porcelain tiles, decorative tiles, and verified tiles.

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Construction Material – Types Of Tiles

Electrical Cables

Building Electrical Materials

Different types of electrical wires and cables are used for the electrical wiring of the house. The selection of the wire is an important decision, and it depends on a number of factors.

The term wire typically refers to a single, solid conductor made of a conductive material, such as copper or aluminium. Wires are used for carrying electric current or transmitting signals over short distances.

Whereas the term cable refers to a collection of multiple wires or conductors bundled together within an insulated or shielded sheath. Cables are designed for various purposes, including transmitting power, data, or control signals over longer distances.

If you are planning to remodel your house interior or change the existing wiring system, then selecting the right wire and other components is a crucial decision. The selection of the electrical cable depends upon the purpose and the electrical load that the cable needs to safely handle.

The house wiring system also needs other type of non-electrical in addition to electrical cables such as earthing wire, speaker wire, CCTV wires, HDMI cable, telephone wire and the earthing wire. Electrical cabling work is also required for the installation of home automation gadgets.

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Construction Material – Types Of Electrical Wires And Cables

PVC Marble Sheet

UV PVC marble sheets, also known as UV coated PVC marble sheets, refer to a type of versatile decorative surface material used in interior design and construction. These sheets are designed to mimic the appearance of natural marble but are composed primarily of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), a synthetic plastic polymer.

The “UV” in UV PVC marble sheets refers to the ultraviolet (UV) coating applied to the surface of the sheets. This UV coating serves as a protective layer, enhancing the durability and performance of the PVC marble sheets. The UV coating works as protective shield during exterior applications.

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Construction Material – PVC Marble Sheet

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