Beginners Guide To House Electrical Wiring Layout

House Electrical Wiring Layout

Complete DIY House Electrical Work

The planning of the house electrical wiring layout is an important step in the interior design process. A detailed electrical layout plan is worked out as a blueprint for the entire electrical system for your home.

The electrical wiring layout plan is a graphical representation of the electrical wiring system. The layout plan include lights, fans, air conditioners, hot water geyser, refrigerator, room heaters, television and other electrical gadgets plugged into the system.

The electrical wiring layout diagram helps the architects and interior designers to plan the illumination for various interior spaces. It also helps to precisely calculate the demand of electricity for the house.

House Electrical Wiring Layout

The estimated demand of electricity is a crucial factor that defines the technical specifications for the electrical wiring.

During the planning process, the interior designer or architect has to first define the number of electrical gadgets to be installed as per the functional needs.

Based on the wattage requirements of these gadgets the peak demand is estimated. The choice of the electric connection type ( Single Phase Or Three Phase ) depends upon the electric load estimation.

The next step in planning of electrical layout involves finalizing the location of the various electrical switch boards and the electrical points needed for various gadgets to be plugged in.

In this tutorial, you will learn how to design the electrical wiring layout for a house during the interior design planning process, how to decide the technical specifications for the electrical wires, switches and other electrical material used for the electrical wiring. 

House Electrical Wiring Layout

What Is Electrical Wiring Layout Plan ?

The house electrical wiring layout defines the electrical connections between the different rooms and the main electrical power supply through a control panel.

The electrical wiring layout is planned in such a way that the electrical wires can easily support the designated electrical load.

The house electrical wiring layout diagram is prepared which indicates the electrical connection between the electrical boards in all the rooms with the main electric control panel.

The home electrical wiring layout basically defines how different rooms are connected to the main electrical power supply through a control panel.

Home Electrical Wiring Layout

The home electrical wiring layout depends upon the type of the electrical connection ( Single Phase Or Three Phase Connection).

The electrical wiring layout planning is an important step in order to ensure the functional convenience and the safety of the users.

Your house is connected to the electrical service lines located outside your house . These electric service lines can be either overhead cables or underground lines.

The electric power supply lines are connected your home through a electrical control panel that works as a junction box for the entire system.

House Electrical Wiring Layout

How To Plan The Electrical Wiring Layout ?

The entire house electrical work project can be grouped into two steps. The first step is to plan the electric layout.

And the next step is to execute the actual wiring work as per the layout plan.

The standard process to plan the house electric wiring layout includes the following steps.

  1. Identify requirements for electrical points in each room.
  2. Decide the rated capacity for each point in a room.
  3. Calculate the electrical load for each room.
  4. Mark the location of the electrical boards for each room.
  5. Divide the entire electric load into number of circuits.
  6. Decide the rated capacity for the electrical wires
  7. Decide the size of the main electrical control panel.
Type Of Electricity Connection Single Phase, Types Of Electricity Connections
Type Of Electricity Connection Three Phase

The first step in planning the electric layout for a house is to identify the requirements of the electrical points needed in various rooms.

The electrical load capacity of the points depends upon the intended use of the points for connecting various electrical gadgets.

For example , the standard bedroom will have two points for light bulbs , one ceiling fan , two light points for lights on the bed side table, one power socket ( 30 amp plus ) for one AC unit , one power socket for room heater, one power socket to operate the vacuum cleaner and four more sockets ( 5 amp ) to connect other small wattage gadgets.

Similarly , the electric load calculation is done for all the room. The summation of the electric load would be equal to the total load.

Based on the total load requirements, the electricity connection is selected which is either a single phase or three phase connection.

House Electrical Wiring Layout

What Is Electrical Point ?

The term electric point is a general term used to refer to a one specific application of the electric supply.

For example, on your electric switch board in a room , you will find some switches and plug points.

Each electric switch present on the board in a room is used to switch on or off  a specific electric device such as light or fan .

This one single electric connection on the board is referred as one single point. The electric board can have many such points.

What Is Electrical Point In House Wiring

Types Of Electrical Points

Different types of electrical sockets and electric switches are provided on the electric board. Each of these socket and electric points can support only the gadgets with specified load limit.

For example, for normal gadgets such as fan , lights , and electric sockets for mobile charging  or other such low wattage application, the electrical sockets with 5 ampere rating is considered safe.

Similarly , the higher wattage gadgets such as electric iron , geyser ( up to 3 kilowatt ) , mixer unit,  washing machine , room heater , air conditioner up to 1 ton capacity and  other such electric gadgets needs socket with  15 ampere and above rating is considered safe.

For  very high wattage gadgets ( above 3 kilowatt ) such as electric water geyser , room heater , air conditioner above to 1.5 ton capacity and  other such electric gadgets needs socket with  30 ampere and above rating is considered safe.

House Electrical Wiring Layout

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