Exterior Paint Types

Types Of Exterior Wall Paints

The exterior wall paint provides protection and elegance to the building facade. And therefore , the exterior wall paint

The home improvement store offers you plethora of options for the selection of exterior wall paint.

Each leading brand present in the exterior paint market has number of options to choose from. Each product in this category offers many features with some specific advantages.

The types of the exterior wall paints are similar to the interior paints. The exterior wall paints can be grouped into two main types.

Types Of Exterior Wall Paints

The first category of exterior paint  is water based paints. The water based paints are also alternately referred to as latex paints or emulsion paints.

The second category of exterior paints are oil based paints. The oil based paint requires oil thinners to dilute the paint.  

In this article , we will discuss in detail different types of exterior paints available in the market , respective features and benefits.

Let us find out how the select the best paint type for your DIY project.

Types Of Exterior Wall Paints

Table Of Contents

Water Based Exterior Wall Paints

The water based paints is the most commonly used exterior paint available in all home improvement stores.

Each major paint brand has strong presence in this category with number of  exterior emulsion paints available under different product names.

The water based exterior paints are also referred as latex paints or emulsion paints. These paints can be easily diluted using water to get the required consistency.

The water based exterior paints offer many options for the selection of exterior paints with many features.

Important Tips

It is important to read the instructions mentioned on the product.

Some ready to use paints do not need any type of any thinner. These paints can be directly applied after the surface preparation.

All paints must be stirred well prior to the use.  

Oil Based Exterior Wall Paints

Solvent Based Paints

The second type of exterior paints are oil based paints. For these paints the oil based solvents ( paint thinners ) are used to dilute the paint to get the required consistency.

The use of oil based paints for external application is declining due to advancement in the water based paints.

The oil based paints renders a strong, long lasting and superior finish. And that makes exterior paints an excellent choice for the exterior paints.

Oil Based Paints , Solvent Based Paints

However, the oil based paints needs proper treatment of the external wall surface prior to the application of the paint.

The oil based paints also takes long time to dry and therefore longer time gap between the two paint coats.

The oil based paints also emit fumes in the form of volatile organic compounds ( VOC ) that has strong odour.

The oil based paints also needs a stable surface and tend form cracks on external wooden surface. The wooden surface tends to expand and contract depending upon the weather conditions.

Cement Paints

The cement paint is one of the most commonly used low cost option for the exterior paints. The cement paints are easily available in any home improvement store with wide range of colors.

The cement paint offers excellent all weather protection against common problems like water seepage. The cement paint forms excellent bond with the wall surface due to its cementing properties.

The cement paint is a water based paint that comes in power form. It needs to be prepared as per the instructions mentioned on the product.

The cement paint consist of usually white cement as a base. Special additives are added into the cement paint which gives all weather protection.

What Is Cement Paint
Cement Paint Types

The cement paints are mainly used for exterior painting but it can also be used on interior walls especially when the wall may have some dampness.

The cement paint needs to be cured for few days similar to any other cement based products to achieve its full strength. However , some companies have launched cement paint that does not need curing.

Important Tips

The cement paint must be prepared in the required quantity as per the product instruction. The cement paint once prepared must be consumed immediately.

The cement paint bag must be stored in dry area and should be protected from moisture and wet conditions.

The cement paint bag once opened must be closed properly in order to preserve the cementing property of the paint.

The cementing property of the paint would diminish if it is exposed to the moisture during the storage.

The cement paint must be cured as per the product usage instructions. The cement paint gains its full strength only after it is cured for the recommended period.

What Is Curing of Cement Paint ?

The term curing is used in the context of all cement products. The curing is the process of retaining the internal moisture added initially to the cement.

The curing can be done by simply covering with moist gunny bags or by sprinkling the water on the surface.

The cement products gain its strength by a chemical process and this process needs water to gain full strength.   

Advantages Of Cement Paint

  • Easy To Apply.
  • Most Economical.
  • Easy To Maintain.
  • Good Coverage.
  • Many Color Options.

Features Of Cement Paint

  • Water Used As Thinner.
  • Curing Required.
  • Water Resistant Paint.
  • Can Be Used On Damp Walls.

Emulsion Paints

The emulsion paints are the most commonly used paints in the exterior paint segment. The emulsion paint is water soluble paint and also alternately referred to as latex paints.

All the top paint brands have number of products in emulsion paint category and each paint offers different features.

However , the overwhelming presence of emulsion paints under fancy names adds to the confusion in understanding the technical jargon.

The emulsion paints are premium quality paints that come in the category of luxury emulsion paints.

The pricing of the emulsion paint depends upon the brand, special features and the company guaranteed life of the paint.

Best Exterior Emulsion Paints

The emulsion paint contains some polymers , resins and additives that render some special properties to the paint. The customer can buy the right paint depending upon the user needs.

The emulsion paint technology is evolving at rapid pace and the paint companies are adding new products with advanced features.

The emulsion paint can be applied only on the prepared exterior wall surface. The surface preparation includes sealing the wall cracks and the application of cement primer.

Important Tips

The self priming category of emulsion paints ( two-in-one paints ) is a special paint that also include the primer.

And therefore, such paints do not need a primer coat. The emulsion paint can be directly applied on the wall surface.

The emulsion paint is available in both glossy, matte and other paint finishes. The paint finish is prominently mentioned on the paint cans.

The emulsion paint can be diluted using clean water to get the required consistency. However, please check the product usage instructions before it is diluted.

In some cases, the paint is directly applied on the exterior wall surface without adding the water as a thinner.  

Advantages Of Emulsion Paints

  • Easy To Apply.
  • Long Life.
  • Easy To Maintain.
  • Good Coverage.
  • Many Color Options.

Features Of Emulsion Paints

  • Water Resistant.
  • Anti-Fungal .
  • Stain Resistant Paint.
  • Quick Drying Paint.
  • Crack Resistant.

Texture Paints

The use of texture paints for exterior walls is growing. The texture wall paint gives a uniform elegant textured look to the  building facade.

The textured paints apart from elegant facade also help to hide the surface imperfections and micro-cracks.

The wall texture paint can be applied by using two methods.

Texture Paints Products

Texture Wall Paint ( First Method )

In the first method, a readymade texture paint is applied on the wall surface using a special roller brush.

The texture paints in liquid form are readily available in any home improvement store. Generally two coats of textured paint is sufficient to create a perfect textured wall surface.

The first coat of the texture paint is applied in vertical direction  with the help of texture roller.

The second coat is applied only after the first coat is dried completely using a special sponge texture roller to be used in horizontal direction. .

Texture Wall Paint ( Second Method )

In the second method, a readymade texture paint available in the paste form is applied on the wall surface using a special trowel.

This type texture paints are readily available either in powder or paste form in any home improvement store.

Generally single coat of textured paint paste is sufficient to create a perfect textured wall surface.

Different types of texture effects can be created by using various texture paints.

Types Of Wall Texture Paints

Texture Paint Type 1
Texture Paint Type 2
Texture Paint Type 3
Texture Paint Type 4

Advantages Of Texture Paints

  • Easy To Apply.
  • Long Life.
  • Hides Imperfections.
  • Hides  Micro-Cracks.
  • Good Coverage.

Features Of Texture Paints

  • Water Resistant.
  • Anti-Fungal .
  • Stain Resistant Paint.
  • Quick Drying Paint.
  • Crack Resistant.
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